Polen, Calvin Wesley

Male 1834 - 1923


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  • Name  Polen, Calvin Wesley 
    Born  27 Jan 1834  Madison, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  18 Apr 1923  Opdyke, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Opdyke, Illinois-IOOF Cemetery Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I10  Polen Crosby
    Last Modified  15 Apr 2016 

    Father  Poland, Clyde Washington,   b. 7 Sep 1812, Pleasureville Henry Co. Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1899, Azalia or Indianapolis, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Cooperider, Hester,   b. 27 Dec 1814, Henry Co. Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jul 1859, Azalia, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  2 Jun 1833  Madison, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F7  Group Sheet

    Family  Lathrop, Olive Elizabeth,   b. 4 Dec 1843, Oxford, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1921, Opdyke, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  12 Oct 1865  Bellair (Jasper Co), Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • All children born in Hazel Dell, Cumberland Illinois
    Children 
     1. Polen, Maggie E.,   b. 29 Sep 1868, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jul 1886, Bromfield, Neb or Giltner, Neb Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Polen, Washington D (Clyde),   b. 26 Aug 1870, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1923
     3. Polen, Laura Sarah,   b. 8 Apr 1872, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1959, Mt. Vernon, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Polen, John Calvin,   b. 18 Jan 1874, Arcola, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Sep 1945, Opdyke, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Polen, Halleck Wesley (Hal),   b. 18 Dec 1875, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1960, Portland, Oregon Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Polen, Harriet Melissa (Hattie),   b. 17 Jul 1877, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Apr 1964, Eagle Rock, LA Co., Calif Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Polen, Edward Calvin (Clark),   b. 18 Oct 1879, Hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 May 1938, Opdyke, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Polen, Lucella Leona (Leona),   b. 18 May 1882, hazel Dell, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Oct 1959, Riverside, Calif Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F6  Group Sheet

  • Photos

    » Slide Show
    Calvin & Olive Polen ~1915
    Calvin & Olive Polen ~1915
    Calvin & Olive Family
    Calvin & Olive Family
    Calvin Wesley Polen Civil 
War
    Calvin Wesley Polen Civil War

  • Notes 
    • Moved to Azalia when quite young
      Served in Civil War - Sgt in Union - Co. K.Thirtheenth Indiana Infantry for 3 years
      Entered June 19, 1861 5’7” dark hair, grey eyes, light complex
      Just discharged when married - have letters from civil war to sister
      Lived in Indiana-slighly wounded?
      In 1880 census in Crooked Creek, Cumberland, Illinois -moved about 1870-others in household, a Sarah Patrick46 b. ohio, f-pa, m-ky - has daughter viola 18. peter 5, Armelida 12
      Mason - GAR0
      Farmer and Merchant Methodist

      Civil War Letter to Sister Hattie

      Beverly July 22, 1861
      Dear Sister Hattie
      I am well today – all of the Azalia Boys are well 4 all of us fine spirits & all of us enjoying a “Soldiers Life” as well as we could expect, for a “Soldiers Life” is a hard life – we have seen some hard times, since we left “Old Azalia” – we have underwent some severe hardships – such as forced marches over mountains & rocks – with nothing to ear – except such provisions as we could carry with us in our Havre Sacks & marching for hours without any water to drink – for where there is so many Soldiers marching together, it is a very different matter for when to get water enough to make them one drink around – I have seen the soldiers pump wells entirely dry – our regiment on one march came to a well & pumped as long as they could get water – then took the pump out of the well & some of the Boys went down & diped the water up in tin cups, as long as they could get a cup full- I have already went for “48 hours” with nothing to eat except “sea bread”, moistened in water – but I am not complaining for I think that I have fared remarkably well since I have been in the Army for I have not starved to death yet – neither have I been killed by the enemy – neither have I been sick – I had the misfortune to get my ankle sprained though: & had to lay over at the “Hospital” for several days –We also seen some fine times & have all sorts of fun – there is always “bitter mingled with the sweet” You know.
      I will now go as far back as the 4 oh inst. – You will remember that we were at that time in “Camp Sullivan” at Indianapolis – well we were awakened from our peaceful slumbers & pleasant dreams, on the morning of the 4th, by the boomy of cannon fired in remembrance of the “Glorious Day” of the Declaration of our Independence – we swarmed forth from our tents like bees from the hive – we came forth with light hears & willing hands – went to work about preparing breakfast – expecting to be called on to take an active part in celebrating the Glorious “Anniversary” of American Independence – Breakfast being over we were formed into a line of “dress parade” – as we thought for to go out into the city to take a part in the exercise of the day – but we were “joyfully disappointed” – for the “Colonel” came forward & informed us that he had just received “marching orders” & that would not take any part in the exercises of the day. But would make ready for marching at 6 o’clock P.M. – The Colonel, then explained the men & their accoutrement & inspected our guns and pronounced us ready for the “field of battle” & ordered us to repair to our quarters & to be ready to march precisely at 6 o’clock – the Camp presented a busy scene, up to the time of starting – soldiers packed up their knap-sacks – boxing up old clothes to send home – tearing down & rolling up tents – running to & fro – Scatered about in little groups, some talking among themselves and some talking with their friends that had come to see them starts – our Azalia Boys scaned every group of citizens that came into Camp; expecting to see nearly all of the “Azalia Folks” there on that day- I saw “Nansi Wakefield “ & “McClark that day – was glad to see them; but was sadly disappointed not to see more of you there – I also saw “Cousin John McClellan” there – I thing what Fred & Sam more of the Boys might have come up to see us any-how = well; 6 o’clock came and everything being ready. We were formed into a line of march – bid farewell to “Camp Sullivan” marched through the principal streets as we marched along the streets; we were cheered & saluted on all sides by he citizens – all the church bells, chimed in there farewell notes – the fair ladies of the city were assembled on the side-walks – in the windows & upon he balconies – waiving their white hankerchiefs & showering down upon us their praises & blessings – we arrived at the depot about 8 o’clock where we were greeted by the shouts of an immense gathering of people. What had assembled there to see us start – About 9 o’clock we commenced filing into the Cars – at 10 o’clock we rolled out of the depot- amid the shouts, farewells, good-byes, cheers, praises & blessings of the good people of Indianopolis – En-route for “Virginia”. We arrived at “Dayton, Ohio”; between day-break & sun-up –filled our canteens with water – Eat a bite of cold meat & bred that we had with us in our Havre-Sacks – At sun-rise we rolled on our way: Cheered all along the way by the good citizens of Ohio – we were cheered all along our way by the waving of “tiny” little canbic hankerchiefs & little union Flags by the lovely ladies of Ohio. At every town & station that we halted we were welcomed by the good citizens & the “blessed ladies” met us with buckets full of ice water – buckets & wash-tubs full of “lemon-aide” – buckets, baskets, & pans; full of cakes, pies, bread & butter, baked chicken etc. saying here Boys, eat, drink, & be merry for you are in a “good Cause” & you have our prayers & lest wishes –“Long may the good ladies of Ohio live” & I pledge you my word that the “Ohio Ladies” will be long remembered by the “Hoosier Boys” for their kindness & they will fight for them till the last day in the evening – we were received in this manner all the way through “Virginia” till we got to “Clarksburg, Va”, & then we found ourselves in the enemies Country & surrounded by the enemy & we were in the enemies Country but a few days till we were engaged in a severe battle with them; but I suppose you heard the particulars of this battle so I will not trouble you with another recitation.
      Hattie I often think of the many friends that I left behind- I often think of the many happy hours what I have enjoyed with the young people of Azalia – there is not a night that passes when we Azalia Boys are all gathered in our tent – I say there is not a night passes but what we think of the good people of Azalia – we not only think of you all, but we lay & talk for hours about you all & wonder if ever you think of us poor soldiers Boys, away down here in “Old Va” we would all like to see all of our folks, once more – but it is not likely that we will all meet in this world for we are now upon the “Battle Field” & I will just say here; that we expect to engage in another battle in a few days & may be hat some of us will fall in this battle; but I will say that I believe that there is not one of us that fears death; for we have seen death, in its most hideous form & we do not fear it – if we fall – we fall in a good & glorious cause – we fall in defense of our Country’s Flag - & I can say that I would willingly lay down my life to-night if it only would restore peace to our distracted Country; Oh, at the misery I have seen; all caused by the rebellion of the south; Oh, that I had the power to put down this rebellion & restore peace & happiness to our beloved Country without the sacrifice of so many precious lifes – We Azalia Boys are determined to do all that is in our power to put down rebellion & if any of us or all of us should fall in the defense of our Countrys Flag, we hope to be long remembered by all “Union Loving People” & we are satisfied – if I can live through to see peace again restored to our noble Country & see the glorious “Stars & Stripes” again waving in all their majestic splendor over every state in the Union; I will be happy, I will be satisfied – I say it is not very probable that all of us Boys will return to our homes & we may every on of us get back – We hope that we may all get back to ur homes & our beloved friends – but we are willing to sacrifice our liver for the good of the Country if it be necessary – Hattie; give my love to all enquiring friends – give my love to all of the Girls – tell them that I often think of them & hope they sometimes think of Cal. – Hattie; write soon & give me all of the news of Old Azalia. My love to you all – write soon – Address; C.W> Polen – Company K. – 13th Regiment – Indiana, Volunteers. Yours br Cal.

      Camp Sullivan June 23, 1861

      Dear Sister Hattie

      I am well today and hope you are. . I expect you think that I might have written to you sooner – well I might – but there is nought of much interest in a Soldiers Camp Life for Ladies, for the Soldiers generally are a pretty rough and mischievous set of Boys – the most of the soldiers are young men & being r—o to close & deprived of the company of ladies &* as a matter of course they will become rough & uncouth.
      You will observe from the date of my letter that this is the Sabbath Day ^ you may ask, how did you pass the Sunday in Camp – well – I will tell you- at 6 o’clock the roll was called – then we proceeded to cook & eat breakfast. (We are messing now 12 men constitutes a (mess)) – when was over & the house work done up. 8 o’clock soon came, the hour for “Guard Mounting” – at 8 o’clock ever5y morning a Guard of 100 men is mounted which have to stand for 24 hours – 2 on & 4 off – at 9 o’clock we had a General Parade of the Regiment – at 11 o’clock we listened to one of the most eloquent & soul stiring sermons that I ever heard – by the Reverend Mr. Cotton – of Columbus – he is the Chaplain of our Regiment.
      I do not when we will leave here, but I am confident that our stay at Camp Sullivan is short for we are all uniformed and equipped, ready for service – with the exception of our Guns & they are here - & understood this evening what they should be distributed in the morning – they are the “Enfield Rifle” – will kill a man 900 yards & will shoot 40 times with-out priming – we are drilled, now from 4 to 8 times per day – in every mode of war-fare in open field fighting – skirmishing – scouting & we have fought a sham battle – we shot blank cartridges – we fired by companies – by Platoons – by sections – by right and left wings – by files & by full regiment - & I tell you it sounds very much like we would play smash with the Rebels if we should chance to meet them in battle and we will do it too; I must close – Hattie let all the friends read this, that my interest in my welfare – Give my love to all the girls and tell them I would like to see them all before I leave but I not expect to see any of you till the war is over: The Azalia Boys send there love to all of ------.
      Write to me here, for if I am not here when your letter arrives, it will be forwarded to me where-ever I am.
      Tell the Boys all to write to me & not wait for my to write to them first – for I have not as much time for writing as you suppose.
      Write soon & give me all the news – my Love to all – your brother Cal



      Cheat Mountain Pass VA. Aug 23, 1861

      Dear Sister Hattie

      I received your most kind and ever welcome letter yesterday. Was glad to hear that you were well & enjoying yourself as well as you could expect.
      Your letter found myself & the rest of the Azalia Boys all well & in fine spirits – We are all well at present & are getting as “fat” as hogs – We have been laying in Camp here doing nothing for better than 4 weeks, now & we are getting so fat Y lazy that we can scarcely get up when we are down – The health of our regiment is very good now. Considering the life we live.
      (Aug 28tth) ) Hattie, I have nothing of much importance to write you. Weather very rainy but this is nothing uncommon for this Country; for it has rained nearly all the time since we have been in Virginia – When there happens to come a “clear sunny day” you will see the soldiers scattered about over the Camp grounds, playing all kinds of games imaginable – Some whistling – some singing – so take it all together; we are a merry set of Boys – We are surrounded by great danger- we are every day in danger of losing our livers – but we are just as merry as we were at home –have become perfectly reckless – do not fear death – do not think of death as often as if we were at home – it does not startle us, or does not shock our nerves to see a dead man – for this is an everyday scene with us – there is not a day passes without some of our men being killed by the enemy; or dieing from disease.- The enemy took 2 of our “scouts” prisoners today, 2 of the best ones we had – 2 brave and valuable men – but they shall rue their bargain – for we scouts what are left; will liberate those 2 brave comrades of ours; or we will have revenge - We will take the “Scalps” of 4 scout & 2 traitors we have taken a great many prisoners since we have been in this Pass. – We have several under guard now – We are getting tired of taking prisoners; for our officers let too many of theirs go – We have pretty much quit bringing prisoners into Camp – We come into Camp now with an old musket or a sword or a brace of revolver, or a blanket & many other little articles _ what we find in the bushes or timber are “old log” = one of our mounted scouts came galloping into Camp the other day with a fine sword & a brace of revolvers & presented them to the General – he says “well my brave fellow”, where did you get those – he said I found them in the bushes about 8 miles from Camp – but he tells us Boys a different story = no is reported that “Gen. Lee” is advancing on us with a large rebel force.
      (Aug 29th) Hattie, I have just had my breakfast & what do you suppose I had for breakfast – I will tell you – hard crackers – coffee & fried bacon - We expect to have green beans & corn for dinner. Bill and Dave are stringing the beans now – Sometimes we have potatoe – not often, for the potatoe patches are guarded & we have to be very sly if we get any – but the cornfields are so large that they can not watch us out; so we have corn & beans often.
      Hattie, it is amusing the way we live – If I recollect brightly; when the people back in the civilized states go to bed they take off a portion of their clothes, but when we go to bed here; we put on every stitch of our clothes – we sleep with our hat & shoes on & if we chance to have our coat off during the day; we put it on at night –We sleep with our cartridge boxes on & our guns by our sides – We hold ourselves in readiness for the rebels day & night .
      Hattie you said if I were there to take dinner with you; you would make me a peach cobbler & some black-berry dumplings; fried chicken, etc.
      Hattie it made my mouth water when I read it.
      Hattie I would like to see you & take dinner with you once more – Perhaps I may have the pleasure of so doing one of these days - Hattie give my love to all & especially to the girls – Hattie write soon to your brother. Cal

      Green Spring Run Va. Jan 3rd, 1862

      Sister Hattie

      I am happy to inform you; myself and Bro. Wm are both well and enjoying ourselves as well as we could expect – We are at Green Springs Run Va, 17 miles from Cumberland MD & 16 miles from Romney Va. –Cumberland, Maryland is our headquarters – We are on the Ohio and Baltimore Railroad – We are living in “old box cars” = without any stoves or fire places – We do our cooking by log heaps Y sleep in the cars at night like so many hogs = Well I will have to quit writing & go on Battalion Drill=

      (Jan 7th) Good morning Hattie, Here I am again = perhaps you would like to know where I have been since I commenced writing = Well I will tell you a the close of Battalion Drill we were told to be ready at 3 o’clock A.M. to march to the relief of the 39th Illinois. 84th Pennsylvania, & 2nd Maryland regiments; Who were fighting at “Bath” a little village some 40 miles from here & some 3 miles out form “Sir Johns Run” which is situated on the Ohio & Balt. R.R. = We went by the way of the Cars – landed at Sir Johns Run about 4 o’clock & formed into a line of march & started for the scene of action; but when some 1/2 a mile from town we met the Union troops returning – Learning to much to our sorrow that we were to late – Our men had been overpowered & forced to beat a hasty retreat; So we were ordered to face about & retreat back to our car, but when we arrived at the Road, we found that the train had run back beyond “Big Capon Bridge”. (Some 6 miles distance) from fear that the rebels would gain the bridge & destroy it & leave the train in the “Scids” – So we had to take it a foot – We reached the bridge a little after dark – here we built fires in order to cook something to eat & keep us warm – In about one hour we were all ordered aboard of the Cars – We had just got cleverly settled in the cars; when a shell from the enemies battery came hissing over the train, bursting close by but doing no damage & in a few moments came another bursting over us; a fragment striking one of our cars; but did not do any serious damage. The engineer then let on the steam & pulled out without us, but the train was too long and heavy that we got along very slowly. We worried along some 7 miles when 1/2 of the train had to be left & the engine go on with the other 1/2 – Our company was left behind - We lay some 6 hours waiting for the engine to come back after us; expecting every minute to be charged upon by an overwhelming force of the rebels; but we set out pickets & made the best arrangement we could for defense, in case we should e attached. – but we were not attacked.- Imagine the joy of the little band when the engine arrived. We arrived here at Green Springs Run all right. We are not stationed here. We are just stopping here for a while; I do not know how long we will remain here.
      We had a battle the 13th of last month on the Allagany Mountains; but I presume you have seen the particulars ere this, so I will not trouble you with am account – David Newsom, Bro. Will & myself were all the Azalia Boys that were in the battle – We all came out unharmed & very thankful too, to get out with our lives; for it was a desperate hard battle, many lives lost,
      (Maryland Jan 10th 1862) Hattie, I must say a few words now before I close – to night finds me on the Maryland side of the Potomac River – We have been forced to give back by a superior force of rebels- We have now taken a land on the Maryland side – About 8 miles from Cumberland, - We have been working hard all day shoring up Becast Works - & we intend to fight them to the last – We know not what moment we may be attacked by a superior force – The Camp is all excitement – we hear what they are fighting at Rommey, 20 miles distant - I have not time to say any more this time – I have 3 letters before me know from you – but have not time to notice when this time – write soon – Direct as before with the addition of: “Cumberland Maryland” Give my love to all = tell Eva Mason what I have a letter from her & will answer soon, Truly you bro. Cal

      Maryland Jan 14th 1864

      Dear Sister Hattie

      I am happy to inform you that myself & Bro Wm are both well & enjoying a soldiers life & I hope this may find you all well & enjoying lifes pleasures
      I mailed a letter to you the 10th Inst. – Which I presume you have received by this time; but I am now going to write you another one; for I have now before me 4 letters from you; which I have not answered yet: I am going to answer all 4 in one – The first I shall notice is dated Nov 22d – Came to hand Dec 3rd – the first item I shall notice is the “Baby Ollie” you talk so much about – You want to know what I think of the mane – I think a nice name – a very nice name indeed & a favorite name of mine & if she grows up to be as pretty & as good a girl as the “Ollie” she is named after, she will be a charming & lovely girl. You say that Mollie claimed a dress from me for “Ollie”. I will hold myself duty bound to get her a nice dress & shall comply when I get back to “Old Azalia”
      The next one I shall notice is dated Nov 29th came to hand Dec 12th – Hattie; you spoke of a Party at the J.H. Boltons – how I would like to have been there – I think I could enjoy myself so well at a party – Hattie; I often think of the many happy hours that I have passed in Azali9a & wonder if I shall ever have the pleasure of passing a few more happy hours in my native village with my sisters & brothers & my young friends – I hope that this war may soon be settled - So we may all return to our dear homes & enjoy the pleasures of life; along with our parents, brothers, sisters, & kind friends.
      The next one I shall notice is dated Dec 22ed – Came to hand on New Years day. Hattie, you say that Dock Horn was at Azalia, Now I want to tell you how he came to be at Azalia – he is what is termed a deserter in the fullest sense of the term. – He had a good chance to make money the best chance of any one in our Company – The Captain gave him a chance to go to town & he would buy tobacco, cigars, pipes, paper, envelopes, ink, pens, pencils, & many other little notions too tedious to mention. & sell to us Boys & make a hansom profit & he was doing a good business & making money & he was well thought of by the company & was in good standing & he borrowed money from every one in the company. So he got all the money he could from the Boys & slofred with it & left us all in the “Sands” – he borrowed money from Jeff, Tommy, Dave, Bill & myself & some from almost everyone in the company. He left with over one hundred dollars, that he borrowed from us Boys. So you se he is back at home, having a good time at our expense – We could all come home if we would do like he has done “Desert” – but I do not think that any of us thinks so little of ourselves as to desert. - I will just say what I would not like to be in his place for he is in a bad row for stinnps – I will just say that there is a reward offered for the arrest of the little man & if he is caught he will be shot: Sure to be-and he deserves it & if I were called upon to shoot him, I willingly do it for he deserves to be shot: for he has no cause for deserting. He told you that we could all get furlonghs to come home – Now it is false; for there is no furlonghs given & you need not look for us home till the war is over. Hattie you said that Dick Horn was going to Illinois & was coming back to Azalia & you were going to send me something nice by him = Now Hattie; if he comes back there I do not want you to give him anything to bring to me; for he knows better than to come back here – farther I don’t want you to have anything to do with him – for he is not worthy of notice – I know you do not want have anything to do with a Deserter – I want you to tell everybody in Azalia that he is a deserter. He tell you that he has furlongh for 30 days, but is false for he has no furlong at all – HE Lies.
      Now I will notice the letter that I received yesterday from you. You said that you had just finished writing a letter to Ollie – Hattie when you write to her I want you to tell her where I am and give her my respects & best wishes & tell her I would like very much to see her - I often think of the many happy moments that I have whiled away with her – Hattie, would you not like to see her – I know you would.
      Hattie, you said you wanted me to send you my minature, I will send you as soon as I have an opportunity of getting it taken. – I will send you some money as soon as convenient- I will send money now & then if you will make good use of it & not spend it unnecessarially. – I will send you some in a few days = Well I believe I have said about all that I will say this time for I intend to write again soon – I intend to write to you oftener than I have done for some time past & I want you to write to me & not want for me to write – I want you to write as often a once a week. I told you in my last letter that we were fortifying on the Maryland side of the Potomac River – We have our fortifications done & are waiting for the rebels to come along. We are expecting to be attacked every day – we will give them a warm reception if they come. We now belong to the Grand Army of the Potomac – belong to General Landers, division. Write soon, direct to Cumberland Maryland. From you brother Cal

      \






      French Store, VA. Feb 23rd 1862

      Dear Sister Hattie

      I am happy to inform you that I am well today – Hope this note may find you well & enjoying yourself.
      This is one of the loveliest spring days that I ever saw & it is Sunday too: Oh. How I would love to be at home today – I would be so happy if I were at home today with my dear brothers & sisters & my kind friends - Hattie, I am the nearest home sick today that I have been since I have been in the Service - But then it is such a pretty day & I am placed away out here from Camp in charge of a picket post – I have 12 men & 1 corporal under my charge _ I only have to be on duty but 24 hours at a time – I will be relieved at 4 o’clock: it is now about 3 o’clock – so I will go to Camp tonight – I will not have to be on again for some 2 weeks. Our Camp is at “Paw Paw Tunnel” & I am now on picket at “French’s Store” some 6 miles from Camp.
      Hattie, I have not time to write much this time for it is nearly time for the Sergeant to come with his relief – I did not intend to write today but I began to get lonesome & got to thinking about the many happy moments that I have passed with my kind friends back a home- so I concluded that as long as I could not pass this beautiful Sabbath evening with you, I would write you a few lines.
      I received a letter from you yesterday, was very glad to hear from you – glad to hear that you were well & enjoying yourself –
      Hattie I want you to write to me once a week or oftener if you can- Direct your letters to Cumberland – the same as before – Hattie, I think that the present war is about wound up – I think 60 days will wind it up – but I fear that we have to engage in a foreign was as soon as this is over
      Hattie, write soon & oblige your brother, Cal

      Edinburg Va. April 13th 1862

      Dear Sister Hattie,

      I am happy to inform you that I am well – Broth. Will. Is well also – I expect that you think I am not going to write to you any more true: I have not written to you for some time – but we have been moving all the time, so I have not had an opportunity of writing much .
      I was able – a letter to father a week or more ago – which. No doubt, has been received by this time - I now have before me 4 letters from you, which I have not answered; but I am now going to answer all 4, with one - the first one what I shall notice; bears date of “March 9th” – came to hand March 18th – You said that it was a beautiful day & you were so lonesome & that you wished that I were there ec. Now I would like very much to spend some of those lovely Sundays with you (by the way; this is Sunday & a lovely day too) but such can not be at the present; but I hope that the day is not far distant when we shall again have the pleasure of gong to Church to-gether of Sunday- of talking & walking to-gether & enjoying ourselves as we used to do, in days that are gone by - Hattie, you said you had been at Geography School & all the girls had to go home by themselves, because there were no Beaux – Now I hope that will not be the case when the soldier Boys all get back – I know if the girls go home then with our Beaux, it will be their own fault - Hattie, you said you sent me the little “ Blue Paper” to write a “Love Letter” ----I will just say that I have quit writing love letters; for the girls have all quit writing to me.
      Your next letter bears date of March 14th & came to hand March 22d – Hattie you say that you want my minature – now I have intended that you should have it, but I have not had an opportunity of having it taken as yet – nor do I know, when I shall have a opportunity – I will send it to you as soon as I can get it taken. I understand that there is an “Artist” with one of the “Eastern Brigades”, that has been attached to our division – if this should prove true; I may get a chance to have my minature taken soon. I shall see to it as soon as possible.
      Your next letter bears date of March 18th & came to hand March 29th – You stated in this letter that cousin George McClellan had been down to see you – I would have liked very much to have been there to see him and shared your fun & pleasure with you – Your last letter bears date of March 28th & came to hand April 8th. Hattie; you feared that I might have been killed or wounded in the late “Battle o Winchester” Not so, Our regiment was engaged & I am proud to say she done here duty – I was not able to march at the time & was left in charge of the Camp & consequently was not in the Battle – Brother Will , David & Jeff. Were in the hottest of the fire but came out unharmed – there were none killed or wounded in our company – Our Regiment suffered severely – Many noble Boys fell, killed & wounded – it was a hard fought battle & we gained one of the most important victories that has been gained during the war & I think it will have much to do with the speedy closing of this unholy rebellion – it has been so long since the Battle that I will not give you the particulars; for I presume you have heard all of the particulars ere this from the papers – There were none killed or wounded that you are acquainted with = Hattie you said that the Quakers Quarterly would come off in 4 weeks from the date of your letter – now I would like the best in the world to be there; but I do not expect to be there; for I am too far away & business to pressing.
      (April 15th) Well Hattie here I am again – I am will as usual – Broth. Will. Is well also – I believe I have nothing more of sufficient interest to add this morning – I am happy to say that our brave “Old General” (Shields) whom was wounded at the late Battle of Winchester; is able to be in the field again – he reorganized his whole division yesterday & the prospect is fair for us to advance upon the rebel Jackson’s force in a few days. I will close for the present – write soon – direct your letter to Winchester Va. Write soon, your broth. Cal

      Harrison Landing Va. July 15th 1862

      Dear Sister Hattie

      As it has been some time since I lave written to you; I will now drop you a few lines. I believe it has been some 2 months since I wrote you last –I Since then I have endured many hardships & underwent many changes – some of which I will narrate to you - when I wrote you last we were at Columbian Bridge on the Shenandoah River – on the 12th day of May . We struck tents & took up the line of march en-route for Fredericksburg by the way of Luray – Fort Royal. Crossing the Blue Ridge to Catletts Station on the Orange & Alexandria railroad – resting there one day then proceeded on to Fredricksburg – Arrived there on Friday morning – The general told us we would rest there a couple of weeks – so we went to work & fixed up nice quarters; thinking were going to have a nice time – on Saturday I visited the 19th Ind Regt. – Seen McClask, Henry Reeves, Dave Bevins, & Bill Dinkins – Yes & I seen Cody Leahs old beau – he says he is coming back to Azalia when the war is over = had a nice time –promised to visit each other often during our stay there = Imagine our surprise on the waking up next morning to learn that a dispatch had been received stating that General Banks had been overpowered by the rebels in the Shenandoah Valley & was falling back & that our division was ordered back to Front Royal immediately by the way of Manassas Junction & Manassas Gap. – We had a forced march all the way & weather was very hot & the roads awful dry & dusty – Arrived at Front Royal – found the rebels there in considerable force – Succeeded in driving then out, after a sharp skirmish.: killing & wounding several & capturing upwards of 100 prisoners – Then proceeded on up the Shanandoah; as far as Port Republic, where the 3rd and 4th Brigades of our division had a severe fight – got badly cut to pieces – we then fell back to Luray, where we rested for a few days – we were ordered from there to Front Royal – Camped there a few days – were ordered from there to Manassas Junction having marched some 500 miles, over mountains through mud & water – through dust – through rain & hot sun & in a very short time & a good part of the time short of rations & a good part of the time in the night over the very roughest of roads, - You will not be surprised when I tell you that we were all run down & almost worried to death & quite tired of soldiering – We were told that we were going to rest awhile – every thing was going on nicely & the soldiers were beginning to be gay again – for a soldier will be gay if he has half a chance – it was but a few days till we were ordered to strike tents & get ready to march – Then all was bustle & a heap of surmising about where we were going; Some said to Richmond; some Charleston, & some that was tired & wornout with soldiering said we were going to Washington to rest till fall - Well we took the cars and went to Alexandria (in sight of Washington) but we were immediately set to work loading our baggage ec upon large transports & Schooners _ I knew then that we were going some distance by water – after getting baggage & troops all aboard & getting under way; I learned from the Captain that we were ordered to Fortress Monroe – but he did not know where we would be ordered to from there – We had a nice trip with the exception of some “sea sickness” among the Boys crossing the “Chessapeak Bay” – We arrived at the Fort on the night of the 1st of July, but did not disembark- Started next morning early, up the James river to join McClellans Army; which we did at this place = So, we are now with the :”Army of the Potomac” upon the Penninsula – Harrisons Landing – James River Va. Just below Richmond & anxious to hear the command “Onward to Richmond”
      Well, I will change the subject = I have 4 letters from you that I will notice with a few very brief remarks – Yours of May 14th came to hand May 29th = You spoke of your fishing spree; Oh how I would like to go a fishing with you in Old Drift Wood once more – you wanted me to tell you where I was & where I was going – now I can tell you where I am wherever I write to you – but to tell you where I am going would be an impossiblility. Yours of May 28th came to hand June 15th – You wanted to know when I thought I would be at home; it is impossible for me to say – if I live through the final battle at Richmond I expect to be at very soon after that battle is fought; for I think that will be the last struggle . Hattie I thank you & Eva very much for the Rose you sent me – it called to mind many happy moments that I have passed with you & Eva. Oh how we shall be blessed with the privilege of enjoying each others society- Yours of June 10th, came to hand June 23ed – You said you was left without a home & that you was tired of staying in Azalia – now I think the best thing you can do is to stay in Azalia – if you cannot get to work for wages; get some good place & work for your board & I will send you money to keep you along till I get back – I want you to be a good girl & live as cheap & as saving as you can till I get back & then I will find you a home. _ I can tell you what to do after the Battle of Richmond – I want you to stay where you are till you hear from me after the “Great Battle” or assured what you will never hear from me – when you can do as you thing best = The attic you want me to have my minature taken for you – now I would willingly do to; but is impossible for me to have it taken here in the Army.
      Your of June 27th came to hand July 7th – you said you & Eva was up going to have a big picnic on the 4th of July for us soldiers Boys; now the 4th is past & there was none of us there to enjoy your pleasure with you – While you were enjoying yourselves with young friends; We ere felling heavy timbers – building breast works and planting heavy batteries with the enemy in sight & while we were working a portion of our forces were skirmishing with the enemy – Now do not be discouraged for I think all of us that are left after the Battle of Richmond, will be at home by Christmas – I will write you again soon –write soon & obey your Bro. Cal

      Suffolk Va. Dec 9th, 1862

      Dear Sister Hattie

      I hope you are well this evening and enjoying yourself – I am well and enjoying a soldiers life again. I arrived here on Friday night the 8th Inst. – found the Boys all well and enjoying themselves fine – they are much pleased with their location here – Well they may be for it is a delightful place and we have nothing to do; but to drill, stand picket, and scout now and then. This is not an idle life, by any means; but is nothing compared to heavy marches. The Boys all appeared very glad to see me; and I assure you that I was truly glad to see them. They ask me more questions than I can answer – they want to know everything about everybody back at home – Oh, how I wish they could all get to go home and stay as long a I did and have as good a time as I did – I would be willing to stay here and do all of their duties if I could. I hope we will all get home together at some future day. I had time coming through with my men – lost one man on the way – had to tie one and had him tied 2 hours; till he got sobered down – had to put one man under arrest and keep him under arrest during our stay in Baltimore, to keep him from running away – I had 17 men in my company when I left Indianapolis – Arrived here with 16 – the Col. Said I done well not to lose more than one = I seen McClark while I was in Baltimore – I had a few hours to spare after getting my business fixed up – I got directions of my land lord so I could find the hospital – went to the Provost Marshall and got a pass so that I could pass – found the place without trouble – seen Mc – had a talk with him – he is well and will be at home in a few days – he is done soldiering = Hattie I must close and go to bed, for it’s very late and we have to drill twice every day, and it worries me very much , not being used to it for some time. Give my respect to all the girls and all enquiring friends – write soon and give me all the news in full detail. Direct to Suffolk Va. Your Brother Cal.

      Folly Island, S.C. Aug 27th 1863

      Hattie, Dear Sister

      It is with pleasure that I write you a few lines this morning. Myself and brother Wm are both well – The rest of the Azalia Boys are all well.
      We are now upon “Folly Island”, South Carolina – Joining Morris Island - I have been upon Morris Island several times – Have been in sight of the “City of Charleston” – Forts – Summpter, Wagoner, Moultrie, Johnson ec. Have been closer to some of them than was comfortable at the time – got our all right. W landed on this Island Aug 3rd – Have a delightful Camp right upon the “Sea Beach” – have a nice sea breeze all the time – The Island is an “Isolated” Place – not a family living upon it.
      Our Regiment has been under “fire” several times since our arrival here – Losses very slight = The “Seige” is progressing fine – troops are all in fine spirits and confident of success – I haven’t time to say much this time . I will write again soon. Give my compliments to Mrs. Newby, Miss Mira King and all enquiring friends.
      Write soon and oblige
      Your Brother – Cal

      C.W. Polen
      Co. K – 13th Ind. Vol’s
      Fosters Brigade
      Folly Island S.C.

    Born:
    • could be jan 21


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